그 is placed before nouns that are being referred to from context or a previous sentence. Here are a few pieces of useful info about the Korean Alphabet and language. 일본은 전쟁에서 한국을 공격했어요 = Japan attacked Korea in the war Click on the English word to see information and examples of that word in use (you probably won’t be able to understand the grammar within the sentences at this point, but it is good to see as you progress through your learning). 이 남자 = This man Vocabulary Let’s start building sentences in Korean. There is actually grammar within the words themselves. 중학생 = middle school student 제 이름은 __이에요 = My name is__ 유럽 사람 = European person However, there is no object in a sentence with an adjective. As mentioned earlier, 이다 can be conjugated. 산부인과의사 = gynecologist, Examples If you're trying to practice your Korean Reading then the page below should help. 저는 잡지를 탁자 위에 놓을 거예요 = I will put the magazine on the table 그 사람은 선생님이다 = That person is a teacher You can substitute any noun into the blank space to make these sentences. See Lesson 26 for more information about this. 이 박스에 책이 들어가 있어요 = There are books in this box 그 사람 = that person 저 바지가 얼마예요? 어떤 남자는 어제 여기에 왔어 = Some man came here yesterday, Common Usages Until then, you will see both 나 and 저 arbitrarily used. 를 is attached to “you” (the object), 3) I wrote a letter = I는 letter을 wrote 외과의사 = surgeon This YouTube video will prompt you with English sentences using the grammar from this lesson, but vocabulary you haven’t been exposed to yet! I recommend them as a teacher and a learner. 는 is attached to “I” (the subject) For example: The food is delicious. 의자는 탁자보다 더 낮아요 = The chair is lower than the table Korean Language Program Online Exercises. Lastly, a neat little trick to find out the object is to ask “What/Who is the (subject) (base verb)-ing?” … 저는 어제 집을 두 번 청소했어요 = I cleaned the house twice yesterday … 그는 고장 난 컴퓨터를 수리했어요 = He repaired the broken computer There are 1050 vocabulary entries in Unit 1. 잘생긴 남자 = handsome man Try finding the words in this vocabulary list in a Word Search. 나무를 심다 = to plant a tree, Examples Korean Reading. How can you get some good Korean conversation practice from this? 이다 acts as all of these words. 이층침대 = bunk bed He is a man Read Part 2 Here! = Who is that person? Top 60 Korean Conversational Phrases You Need to Know! 그것 = that thing 저는 좋은 학생이에요 = I am a good student The pronunciation of this word is closer to “이걷” In this same respect, while “이, 그 and 저” translate to “this, that and that” respectively, and are placed before nouns to indicate “this noun, that noun and that noun,” “이것, 그것 and 저것” are nouns (they are pronouns). For now, don’t worry about why they are said that way, and simply memorize them. Here, the sentence is talking about the dog, so the subject is the dog. That is, we do not use 이다 to indicate that something “is” an adjective. 대부분(의) 사람 = most people, The counter for people is “명” (informal) or “분” (formal). 중국 사람들은 한국사람들보다 더 가난해요 = Chinese people are poorer than Korean people This might be too much grammar for you at this point, but make a note of it. We will now switch our focus to using actual Korean words to create sentences ending in 이다. Click here for a free PDF of this lesson. 선생님은 학생들과 박물관에 갔다 = The teacher went to the museum with the students 선생님 (or 쌤) is often used to broadly refer to anybody in any form of a teaching position, or anybody who works at any position in a school. Click here for a workbook to go along with this lesson. 너무 추워서 문을 닫았어요 = I closed the door because it is too cold Throughout my lessons, I will only use grammar and vocabulary that you have learned from a previous lesson. I introduce all of these conjugations in Lesson 9. Person 2: 아니요. Speaking … (나는 _______ 이야 / 저는 _____이에요). 나는 사과 한 개를 샀어 = I bought one apple, Common Usages: 이것 is often shortened to 이거 in speech. 이 의자 = This chair, Unfortunately, there are two words for “that”: 그 and 저. 도시 남자 = a city boy 내과의사 = internal medicine doctor 컴퓨터가 켜져 있어요 = The computer is (in the state of being) on You might also want to try listening to all of the words on loop with this Vocabulary Practice video. Unlike in English, 이다 is not used in these types of sentences. Without the knowledge of the difference between writing and speaking in Korean… These words are very rarely used without conjugations and honorifics. js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id; But of course, you can add your country in too where it’s underlined. 아이들은 나무 주위에서 놀고 있어요 = The children are playing around the tree. 남자 친구 = boyfriend Korean people love food, and common way to greet somebody is to ask them if they have eaten. They study Korean (study is a verb, the object is Korean) For example, I am, he is, they are, I was, they were. For example, many people may hear about Korean … 그것 = that thing However, in sentences that are predicated by adjectives, there will not be an object, I am pretty 저는 책 두 권을 읽었어요 = I read two books 이름이 뭐예요? 대형차 = large sized car (If you study Hanja, 대 (大) means “large”) 대부분의 원숭이는 나무에서 살아요 = Most monkeys live in trees 저는 학생이 아니에요 = I am not a student Example 저는 그 책을 읽고 싶어요 = I want to read that book I'll preface this by saying few people write well in any language… 저는 집에 돌아갈 거예요 = I am going back (returning) home 저는 차 두 대가 있어요 = I have two cars How to study Korean © 2020. 이 차는 너무 비싸요 = This car is too expensive 저는 의사가 무서워요 = I am afraid of doctors 엄마는 우리를 위해 점심을 집에서 만들 거예요 = Mom will make lunch for us at home Want to apply what you learned in this lesson? (그 사람은 의사야 / 그 사람은 의사예요), More examples: The idea of asking questions in Korean is taught in Lesson 21. Take me to the next lesson! 저 = 저를, Use을 when the last letter of the last syllable is a consonant. He loves me 이 사람은 저의 누나예요 = This (person) is my sister It would be incorrect to include a space between the second noun and 이다. Every verb, every adjective and 이다 end in “다,” and these are the only words in Korean that can be conjugated. This is the first time you are being introduced to a word that must be conjugated in order to be used. Although both placed before nouns to “describe” them, the dictionary (ordinary) form of an adjective always ends in ~다 and must change in order to describe them. You will hear the lines you see below. While writing and speaking in languages are typically synonymous with each other, the two structures themselves differently in the Korean language. Verbs are the words that describe what they’re doing. 는 is attached to “I” (the subject) Examples: The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Korean and Korean culture. Just like in English “이” (this) is placed before the noun it is describing. Okay, I got it! 강가에는 도시에서 내려온 많은 쓰레기가 쌓여 있어요 = A great deal of garbage that had flowed down from the city was piled on the riverbank, Common Usages Throughout all of my lessons, I use example sentences to show how grammar can be used. 책벌레 = bookworm 나는 내년에 한국에 갈 거야 = I will go to Korea next year 그 사람은 중국에서 왔어요 = That person came from China Also notice that “저” has more than one meaning. 우리는 집에 와서 바로 잤어요 = We came home and went to sleep immediately We see this same phenomenon happen with other common words that you learn in future lessons. 제 이름은 __이에요 (My name is __) 저는 침대에 잠깐 눕고 싶어요 = I want to lie down in bed for just a second, Common Usages: The subject does the action of the verb. 저 남자 = That man, 이 여자 = This woman “to be” can be many words in English. 수입차 = foreign (imported) car js.src = "//forms.aweber.com/form/14/1245669914.js"; 그 사람은 미국에서 왔어요 = That person came from the United States 정문 = main entrance Once they’re solidly stuck in your head, just blurt them out at the next opportune occasion without stopping to think. Therefore, when placing “것” after 이, 그 or 저, there should not be a space between the two. 애기는 높은 소파에서 떨어졌어요 = The baby fell from the high sofa, Common Usages America? More importantly, these are exactly the type of questions and responses that dominate conversations for Korean beginners. In English, the object always comes after the verb. For example, the object in each sentence below is underlined, My mom loves me 저는 어제 선생님을 처음 만났어요 = I met my teacher for the first time yesterday 저는 친구를 만났어요 = I met a friend 대도시 = a large city = How do you do that (thing)? 집 = 집을 That thing/This thing This thing is a book. 저는 선생님이에요 = I am a teacher 이름을 부르다 = to call one’s name, Examples 저의 이름은 김한성이에요 = My name is 김한성 Getting regular … It’ll be easier to understand this with an example: e.g. 그 여자는 나랑 결혼하고 싶었어요 = That girl wanted to marry me 저는 그것을 손으로 만들었어요 = I built that (thing) with my hands 저는 문을 잠갔어요 = I locked the door For example: Question: “What’s Your Name?” in Korean. […], Hi~~ can i ask … if 원하다 becomes 원하는 만큼 why does 필요하다 become 필요한 만큼 and not 필요하는 만큼? (이것은 탁자야 / 이것은 탁자예요), 저것은 침대이다 = That (thing) is a bed 나무뿌리 = root of a tree When you remember that the objects comes first before verbs, then learning other parts of the Korean language … But first we need to know what the role of Phrases is in the structure of the grammar in Korean. For example, the subject in each sentence below is underlined: I went to the park Examples 그것 = that thing 그것을 어떻게 해요? 이것은 여권이야 = This (thing) is a passport Keep the tradition alive by reading stories in Korean! Read Part 3 Here! 저는 비싼 것만 좋아해요 = I only like expensive things 이 차는 너무 비싸요 = This car is too expensive Examples: 저것은 사과예요 = That (thing) is an apple 저것은 사람이 아니라 눈사람이에요 = That (thing) is not a person, it is a snowman. 저 건물은 학교입니다 = That building is a school 일본어 = Japanese language, Example Trust me though; learning this at the start will be very useful to you later on. The object refers to whatever the verb is acting on. 컴퓨터를 켜다 = turn on a computer After hearing all these questions you’re asking them, they’ll want to know… Do you really speak Korean? For example: I eat hamburgers (eat is a verb, the object is a hamburger) After more than a year of attending advanced Korean classes and regularly writing and reviewing 500-800 character essays with my teacher, I've accumulated a few useful tips for improving long-form writing that I thought I'd share here. 뒷문 = back door Above, you can see the first set of words you should study to get you started. 고등학교는 한국에서 어려워요 = High school is difficult in Korea The dog bit the mailman A while ago, I stumbled across a neat little webcomic site created by another Korean language learner. Many new Korean words are simply English words with a Korean pronunciation pronouncing “컴퓨터” in Korean will sound like “computer”, Common Usages: The dog is eating, so your verb is eats. 그 여자의 머리 색깔은 자연스러워요 = That girl’s hair color is natural The Korean language and culture have been preserved and passed down from generation to generation through legends, stories, myths, and folklore. 저는 학생들에게 수업을 가르쳤어요 = I taught the class to the students They’ll probably wondering what you’re up to. In that way, 이다 is similar to verbs and adjectives, but the rules for 이다 are often (but not always) different. 차를 운전하다 = to drive a car For example: Other examples of determiners in Korean (and English) are: 그 사람 = that person We are smart. Examples The structure of sentences predicated by adjectives is discussed in Lesson 3. Actually, every Korean sentence and clause must end in one of the following: I talk about the meaning of 이다 later in this lesson. 저 = 저는, Use 은 when the last letter of the last syllable of the subject is a consonant. 만화책 = comic book Don’t worry about why one is used over the other until Lesson 6, when formalities will be explained. 중형차 = mid-sized car (If you study Hanja, 중 (中) means “middle”) 저는 내일 선생님의 집을 방문하겠어요 = I will visit the teacher’s house tomorrow Use 는 when the last letter of the last syllable of the subject is a vowel. This is placed after a word to indicate that it is the subject of a sentence. As we saw above, the word 고맙다 can be conjugated many different ways. For example, this would be incorrect: Although it might look and feel like “남자” is an object in that sentence, it is not. Subject – Adjective (for example: I beautiful). 저 changes to 제 when 이/가 are attached. 집을 짓다 = to build a house Practice Makes Perfect: How to Memorize the Korean Alphabet I’ve found that one of the best ways to learn the Korean alphabet is with spaced-repetition , using an app such as Anki . 저는 학생들이 실망스러웠어요 = I was disappointed in the students When creating these lessons, I went back in forth many times thinking about which one I should present first. We listen to music (listen is a verb, the object is music), All of those sentences (can) have objects because the verb is the predicate of the sentence. This will make it easier for you to focus on language… 이 고기는 돼지고기입니다 = This meat is pork You’ll need something like “I am a student” or “I am a teacher” in Korean. Determiners keep their original form when placed before a noun. (What is your name?) 그것은 사진이에요 = That thing is a picture 그 남자는 저의 아버지예요 = That man is my father The translation for “이다” is “to be.” English speakers often don’t realize how difficult the word “to be” is. 저는 친구에게 책을 돌려줬어요 = I gave my friend back his book 어떤 종류의 차를 원해요? Answer: How to say “I am from…” in Korean, 5. So, what are you doing in Korea? 소형차 = small sized car (If you study Hanja, 소 (小) means “small”) 10만원 조금 넘어요 = No. 책방 = bookstore The basic structure for a sentence predicated by “이다” is: Now substitute the words for “man” and “I,” which are: The Korean sentence would look like this: Notice that 이다 is attached directly to the second noun. ✅ Hey, if you REALLY want to learn & speak Korean with a full learning system + 1,000s of Audio & Video lessons by teachers – Sign up at KoreanClass101 (click here) and start learning! 한국주식시장 = Korean stock market This is the fastest way to make Korean friends and the second most important phrase you’ll need after “Annyeong Haseyo/안녕하세요. 이것이 더 좋아요 = This (thing) is better 차를 타다 = to be riding in a car, Notes: The counter for automobiles is “대”. 을 is attached to “Korean” (the object), 2) I like you = I는 you를 like 이 소파는 아주 편해요 = This sofa is very comfortable 그 남자 = That man 저의 친구는 주로 남자예요 = My friends are mostly men 집 값은 비싸지고 있어 = House prices are getting expensive The conjugation of 이다 is different than other words. For example: 제가 한국을 좋아해요 = I like Korea I will go to the park 저의 친구는 의사예요 = My friend is a doctor However, if I were to say: “I don’t like that man [when your friend mentioned him in a previous sentence].” The word “that” in that sentence would be how “그” is used. 저의 여자 친구는 귀엽고 예뻐요 = My girlfriend is cute and pretty They are hungry There are many ways words in a sentence can change depending on the formality of the situation, but the two most common, basic and important things to be aware of are: 1) There are two ways to say “I” or “me” in Korean: 나, used in informal situations, and 어린이집 = daycare (literally a “kids house”) Until Lesson 6, I make no distinction of formality and the focus is more on sentence structure than conjugations. For example, you cannot place an object after the verbs “to sleep” or “to go:”. 이 사람 = this person 의자는 탁자보다 더 낮아요 = The chair is lower than the table And do you know any other languages? When used as a pronoun in Korean, the word 그것 is used. Want to give your brain practice at recognizing these words? 이것은 뭐야? Notes: When 이, 그 or 저 are placed before “것,” the result is a compound word. As we saw earlier: However, it can also be a noun itself. Most words in a Korean sentence have a particle (a fancy word to say ‘something’) attached to them. fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs); Subjects are things that the sentence is talking about. Verbs and adjectives are placed at the end of a sentence. 선생님은 내일 학생들을 만날 거야 = The teacher will meet the students tomorrow = How much are those pants? “은” is attached to “my girlfriend” (the subject), 2) The movie was scary = The movie는 was scary 그 사람은 일본에서 왔어요 = That person is from Japan 교실에서 선생님들을 컴퓨터로 대체할 수 없어요 = You can’t replace teachers with computers in the classroom, Common Usages: 이 방은 넓습니다 = This room is big/wide This is printable Korean Hangul writing practice chart which people call 'Hangul Writing Grid Paper', 'Korean Writing Worksheet' or 'Korean Hangul Manuscript Paper' also. 1. people who are already used to basic Korean including alphabet, easy words, and grammar, but had not enough speaking practice… Korean has a sentence structure that is hard to grasp initially for English speakers. Look at those four sentences. It is a thing. See Lesson 2 for more information. 우리 집 = our house (this is used more commonly that “my house”) 정형외과의사 = orthopedic doctor 를 is attached to “pasta” (the object). 문을 닫아야 돼요 = You have to close the door Let me explain. One of the most common words in Korean is “것” meaning “thing.” When 이, 그 or 저 are placed before “것,” the result is a compound word. 모든 사람 = all people 저의 친구는 저 쪽으로 갔어요 = My friend went that way We use 이 in Korean when we are talking about something that is within touching distance (For example: this pen – i.e. Visit Lesson 5 for more information. 저는 일본에 스무 번 넘게 가 봤어요 = I’ve been to Japan more than twenty times, 요즘에 한국 사람들은 일본에 별로 가고 싶지 않아요 These three answers should cover your bases and let your friend know just how much Korean they can expect from you. 그 여자는 나를 사랑해 = That girl loves me. 저는 그것을 친구한테서 들었어요 = I heard that (thing) from my friend. So, 이다 is not used in these types of sentences: However, 이다 is used in these types of sentences: 이다 is used to indicate that a noun is a noun. The pronunciation of this word is closer to “그걷” 저는 의사였어요 = I was a doctor, Notes: Informally, you can say “응” to mean “yes”, When speaking on the phone, Korean people often say this many times and pronounce it as “데”, Example 고양이는 의자 밑에 있다 = The cat is under the chair OK, you know their name. For our purposes in Lesson 1, the words in Korean sentences are written in the following order: Subject – Object – Verb (for example: I hamburger eat) 그녀는 의자에서 일어났어요 = She rose up from her chair Read Part 4 Here! She meets my friend (meet is a verb, the object is my friend) 침대에서 자다 = to sleep in a bed, Examples = Is this (thing) too small? Notes 이 탁자가 너무 낮아요 = This table is too low 신도시 = a new city (usually a city that is planned to serve a specific purpose) 100,000 won? Other verbs, by their nature, cannot act on an object. 그 여자의 머리카락은 깁니다 = That girls hair is long, Notes: 저 is another example of a “관형사” in Korean. Oh, and what’s your phone number? The example sentences in Lessons 1 – 4 are not conjugated. Do you really speak Korean? this is a simple paragraph that is meant to be nice and easy to type which is why there will be mommas no periods or any capital letters so i guess this means that it cannot really be considered a paragraph … Can a none korea. 그 사람은 의사이다 Korean Phrases. ... Hangul Alphabet Korean Alphabet Korean Words Learning Korean Language Learning Printable Alphabet Worksheets Phonics Worksheets Transition Words Worksheet Writing Practice Worksheets Korean … And do you know any other languages? 저는 컴퓨터를 켰어요 = I turned the computer on […] Read Part 1 Here! 저는 그것을 지난 번에 배웠어요 = I learned that (thing) last time They were men. It is a noun. 나는 한국을 좋아해 = I like Korea. I didn’t, for a number of reasons. 그 여자는 저를 사랑해요 = That girl loves me. 중국 사람 = Chinese person 저는 저 케이크를 먹고 싶어요 = I want to eat that cake Examples: In Unit 0, I taught you how to write words in Korean. English words with an “F” that are borrowed to Korean usually use “ㅍ” to make the “F” sound. For example: 이 사람 = This person Sentence Practice (1), (2) | Dictation (1), (2) | Reading Practice | Apply Yourself | Lesson Recap, Jump to: In this lesson, we will start by making simple sentences using the word 이다. (이것은 나무야 / 이것은 나무예요). Average score: 20/70 Congratulations on deciding to take our Korean Level Test. 우리 아빠는 저것을 싫어할 것 같아 = Dad will probably not like that (thing) Now that you have 10 Korean conversation scripts, what’s next? 이것을 보셔요 = Look at this (thing) 저는 세탁을 집에서 할 수 있어요 = I can do laundry at home, Common Usages: = The price of Korean houses is much higher than the price of houses in Japan, 일본에서 성인들은 미국 청소년보다 만화책을 더 많이 읽어요 It will be based using the vocabulary above, and we will examine some … Girl tell a korean boy that she likes him ?? 저는 좋은 책을 읽고 싶어요 = I want to read a good book Korean Language Fun Facts. So, is similar to #4. 저, used in formal situations. 그것은 큰 비밀이었어요 = That was a big secret “That” can be placed before a noun to describe it. 의사들은 문제에 대해 과학적으로 생각했어요 = The doctors thought about the problem scientifically (그것은 차야 / 그것은 차예요), 이것은 나무이다 = This (thing) is a tree You might want to glimpse at how the words are conjugated, but remember that this will be taught in Lessons 5 and 6 (for verbs and adjectives) and Lesson 9 (for 이다). 저의 어머니는 올해 한국에 올 것입니다 = My mom will come to Korea this year 모든 사람 = all people Similarly, this is great for asking if they speak English in the case you run all out of Korean words to say. In formal situations, “아니요” is more respectful, Person 1: 숙소비가 얼마예요? For example: Sometimes there is no object because it has simply been omitted from the sentence. Of course, if you’re visiting, feel free to stick your country in when you say “I am from…” in Korean. This is taught in Lesson 6. In case you’ve forgotten, here’s a short description of the different parts of a sentence. Now that we know how to use 이, 그 and 저 (and 이것, 그것 and 저것), we can now make sentences like this: We can start by putting those words into the Korean structure: And then changing the English words to the appropriate Korean words: 그 사람은 + 의사 + 이다 Subjects are also present in sentences with adjectives. The faster you can read, the better you’ll get at reading and speaking in general. Here are all of the free resources which we have produced, so you can learn a little Korean at home. I will teach you how 이다 differs from verbs and adjectives as it becomes important in later lessons. 저는 침대에 누워 있어요 = I’m lying in bed 집에 가지 마! Can someone help me? Only verbs can act on objects. 선생님은 학생들과 박물관에 갔다 = The teacher went to the museum with the students. It is easy to distinguish between a determiner and an adjective in Korean. Korean Conversation Practice. Or That's where you come in. 저는 그 책을 원해요 = I want that book 한국 사람 = Korean person Sentence Word Order Start speaking Korean in minutes with audio and video lessons, audio dictionary, and learning community! 저 사람은 누구예요? 동대문 = “east big gate” – tourist attraction and neighborhood in Seoul Although it can be translated as “that thing,” 그것 itself is a pronoun and can be simplified to translate to “that.” For more information, see the explanation in Lesson 1. 저는 예쁜 여자예요 = I am a beautiful girl For example: 내가 한국을 좋아해 = I like Korea She is beautiful Now you got to find out what do they do. You can download all of these files in one package here. = What is the name of this road/street? Notes: Many new Korean words are simply English words with a Korean pronunciation pronouncing “소파” in Korean will sound like “sofa.” Note that there is no way to pronounce the “F” sound in Korean. 이 is a type of word called a “관형사,” which isn’t an adjective, but is another type of word that can be placed before nouns to describe them. For example: 중국어 선생님 = Chinese (language) teacher, Examples The clouds cleared up. Wow! 강한 남자 = strong man We use 저 when we are talking about something that we can see, but cannot touch because it is too far away. 저는 선생님이 되고 싶어요 = I want to be a teacher 이다, like adjectives and unlike verbs cannot act on an object. 저는 그것을 처음부터 끝까지 복습했어요 = I reviewed that (thing) from start to finish 한국어 할 수 있습니까? = In Japan, adults read more comic books than young people in America, Notes: On the subway, you will hear “내리실 문은 왼쪽/오른쪽이에요” – “The doors are on your left/right.”, On the bus, you will see signs saying “문이 완전히 열릴 때까지 버스에서 내리거나 문에 기대지 마세요” – “Until the door is fully/completely open, don’t get off the bus or lean on the door”, Common Usages: This YouTube video will prompt you to translate English sentences into Korean using the concepts from this lesson. Elementary. 이것을 먹어 봐! 저는 한국에서 살고 있어요 = I live in Korea, Common Usages: 정신과의사 = psychiatrist (그 사람은 선생님이야 / 그 사람은 선생님이에요), 이것은 탁자이다 = This (thing) is a table 서울 대신에 다른 도시에 갈 거예요? 저는 잘생긴 남자를 만났어요 = I met a handsome man For example, if you want to refer to the person across the street, you can refer to “that person” by saying “저 사람.”. 저는 의자를 앞으로 움직였어요 = I moved my chair forward, The pronunciation of this word is closer to “탁짜”, Notes: The little table that Korean people use when they sit on the floor to have meals is called a “상.” A kitchen table can be referred to more specifically by saying “식탁.”, Common Usages Should I include that in here?). When Korean culture reached a high level of … >>Click here to sign up at KoreanClass101 FREE & start learning and speaking Korean! From the sentence “ 저걷 ” 저것 is often shortened to 저거 in speech 한국어교육 ).... To English, the 이다 is not used in every day conversation in your head, just them... 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