The present study seeks to: Routledge and Kegan Paul, London. J. • The teacher rating scale developed in this study contains sufficient content validity because the characteristics of successful teacher educator have been abstracted from objective situations. Categories Characteristics The identification of characteristics of teacher’s educators was likely to be very objective because they had been abstracted from actual classroom situation. Gender disparity in education refers to differences in outcomes observed between two sexes. Tobin and Gamett [ ] revealed that students with high formal reasoning ability were best equipped to teach primary science. • An analysis of the school curricula would reveal that different reasoning modes are pre requisite for teacher educator to understand the concept. The teacher you are thinking of probably did a lot of things which caused you feel that he/she was ineffective, but what was the particular incident that stands out in your mind as a clear cut example of ineffectiveness? national level. facilities seem to be major obstacles in the attainment of gender equity in From the total of 1052 copies of questionnaire distributed, 1000 copies, representing 95.0% were filled and returned. The responses of teacher educator were analysed to find out that 25.4% and 20.9% gave correct response and justification to items V and VI respectively. Ministry of Education, Govt. The curriculum of the teacher education programme should be matched with the changing realities of the society. Response (%) Wrong The study recommended among others that lecturers should be advised to stop providing handouts to students but rather encourage them to use the library for research and also, the current system of assessing students should be given a second thought with respect to the formulae of assessment. Teach., 14, 411 – 421. Controlling The focus of this paper is on the assessment and understanding of the gender equity in education in This result is supported by the finding of the present studies wherein 46.8 % and 49.5% gave wrong answer and justification. Activity based course required students to identify, control and manipulate variable. Controlling Generally, study habits can be classified into two-good study habits, and bad study habits. Literature Review Reading is the ability to understand words contained in a document and make use of the knowledge for personal growth and development (Dadzie, 2008). X. Combinational Reasoning 43.4 33.2 18.3 The findings of this study indicated that the correlation between study habits and academic achievement existed. The present study seeks to: Proportional Combinational reasoning involves use of all possible combinations or factors related to a problem. In many Indian families, a boy gets more opportunities, encouragement and support for his, development in comparison to his girl counterpart. Pandey, N. N. and Gayatri (1990): Cognitive Development of Prospective Secondary Science Teachers. Tobin, K. G. and Capie, W. (1981): Development and Validation of a Group Test of Logical Thinking. The educational schemes and After identifying the teacher educator’s characteristics attempts were made to group them into homogenous categories – personal qualities, professional competence and classroom performance. Result of each reasoning mode has been presented in the following table: Bhattacharya, S. B. and Pandey, N. N. (1985): Tarkik Chintan Parikshan (TOLT: Form A): A Research Edition, Varanasi, Faculty of Education (K), Banaras Hindu University. VI. Analysis of responses reveals that common wrong responses were either based on consideration of one variable only (33.2 % and 30.7%) or justified in terms of an imperfect relationship that is 18.3% and 20.5%. The It included the following questions. Analysis of responses reveals that common wrong responses were either based on consideration of one variable only (33.2 % and 30.7%) or justified in terms of an imperfect relationship that is 18.3% and 20.5%. Organized teaching 6. 39.8% and 35.3% of the student generated all combinations correctly. • An analysis of the school curricula would reveal that different reasoning modes are pre requisite for teacher educator to understand the concept. �BN�s�.q?�D¬���n�c���g2�`k��E��"�v����*��𥳐�|k:���� Mehraj Ud Din Sheikh Qamar Jahan (2 012), “Study Habits of Higher Secondary School Students of Working and Non-working Mothers”, aims at Attainment of proportional reasoning is necessary for understanding and derivation of functional relationships, interpretation of tabulated data and graphs etc. The sex-role identity of the Ss was. • Identify the personal characteristics of teacher educator on a fairly objective basis. The study sought to assess the reading habits among students and their effects on their academic performance. The objectives of this study were: to understand and explore Attainment of proportional reasoning is necessary for understanding and derivation of functional relationships, interpretation of tabulated data and graphs etc. Reasoning 39.8 30.7 20.5 DISCUSSION Combinational reasoning -kiBZ4� It included the following questions. Response Pattern on TCP Items Ministry of Education, Govt. Question 1. Correct It included the following questions. Jr. Res. Education disparities can be seen in different enrolment rates, dropout rates, and survival rates among the sexes. 1. OBJECTIVES The responses were elicited from the student because student’s evaluation of their teachers is considered trustworthy, Prosser and Trigwell [ ]. Class-room performance 4, 5, 9, 11 Tobin and Garnett (1984) revealed that students with high formal reasoning ability were best equipped to teach Primary Science. Reasoning 35.3 45.8 29.4 DISCUSSION A report of the Central Advisory Council for Education (England). Scholarly 4. Describe the situation and just what the teacher did that convinced you of this ineffectiveness in the job. III. Probabilistic Combinational 26.7% of the students on item number IX and 29.4% of students on item number X generated combination suggested that they had tried to control variable but failed to generate all possible combinations. The quality of students being admitted to teachers training institutions was one of the reasons for such criticism. VII. The aim of this study was to investigate the status of study habits and its relationship with academic achievement in medical sciences students in Kermanshah-Iran. This result is supported by the finding of the present studies wherein 46.8 % and 49.5% gave wrong answer and justification. Purpose: zebunnisakhan@yahoo.com It included the following questions. Journal of Education and Psychology 59(2-3), 1 – 9. The literacy rate and education of the Flechers and Sons Ltd, Norwich, Great Britain. Co-relational PURPOSE FOR BUDGETING – LITERATURE REVIEW Assistant teacher MIRELA-OANA PINTEA1, Associate professor VIOREL-DORIN LACATUŞ2, Assistant teache LIVIU-DANIEL DECEANUr3 Abstract This paper studies the literature regarding budgets and their importance within a company. Reasoning 72.6 24.2 10.4 The items VII and VIII of the test are concerned with co-relational reasoning and were correctly answered by the 43.4% and 39.8% students respectively. promoting gender equity in the state? In female respondents, highly significant relation was found between the school environment and marks obtained, while as in case of males, no relation was found between the two. <> The findings related to incorrect reasoning patterns of the present investigation also finds support by the studies of Wollman [ ] and Capie et al [ ]. The study habits and Socio-economic Status of, the values of the significant others … (which), they share the benefits and privileges that their. The following instruments were used to collect data: 1) Socio-economic Status Scale (SES Scale Form A), a) Planning; b) Effective reading habits; c) Note, interest; e) Concentration & clarity; f) Academic neuroticism. The society is ongoing concept, therefore the teachers training should be in tune with needs of the former. The quality of the teachers produced by the training institutions depends largely upon the quality of persons who were given admission in such institute. %���� Journal of Education and Psychology 59(2-3), 1 – 9. The next most common wrong response attempted by students was that the extreme cases be compared which was chosen by 10.4 % & 12.1% students on items respectively. for the promotion of women’s education. Controlling Wollman,W. Reasoning 58.0 26.7 14.8 Professional competence 3, 8 4. Confident 11. VIII. The review of related literature of this study identifies how fear and interest, together with the students’ study habits can affect their performance in various subject matters, specifically, mathematics. This paper reports on the effectiveness of keeping a reflective journal by analyzing results obtained over five semesters within the Research Methods course. The identification of teacher characteristics and their above mentioned categorisation resulted in a set of qualities of effective teachers which are likely to be very objective. Tobin and Gamett [ ] revealed that students with high formal reasoning ability were best equipped to teach primary science. Stones, E. and Morris, S.(1972): Teaching Practice: Problem and Prospective. Mode The quality of students being admitted to teachers training institutions was one of the reasons for such criticism. TCP is a 10 item multiple choice test containing five reasoning modes and each mode has two items. The next most common wrong response attempted by students was that the extreme cases be compared which was chosen by 10.4 % & 12.1% students on items respectively. ... Reside in Different Environment is an example of a study about the student’s environment, which focused on academic study habits, and student satisfaction. This can be achieved when teacher themselves are capable of formal reasoning and become aware of the limitation of student’s reasoning pattern. serious efforts by government, not-for-profit organizations and other local bodies Organized teaching 6. By using empirical research method, the above tests were administered on 100 B. Ed (Bachelor of Education) students enrolled in teacher’s training institution of AMU Aligarh India. Moreover, a literature review by Nagaraju (2004) pointed out that, for good academic success, good study habits and attitudes are important. • The teacher rating scale developed in this study contains sufficient content validity because the characteristics of successful teacher educator have been abstracted from objective situations. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Jr. Res. The effect of Socio-economic Status on study habits was found to be insignificant. Response 2 (%) The related literature provided the proponents a substantial background on this study. • The concepts of probability and co-relations are important aspects for teacher educator. Inhelder, B. and Piaget, J. 1. Also, the results of the linear regression analysis showed that EFL student teachers’ study habits led to their academic achievement. Education (England). Stones, E. and Morris, S.(1972): Teaching Practice: Problem and Prospective. Differences between the two samples' mean scores and distributions are discussed in terms of sample composition. Concept, models, theories and other abstractions were expected to pose learning difficulties for less cognitively matured students and consequently on their capabilities as a class room teacher. The second common wrong response pattern focusing on the number of objects in the favoured subset was given by 28.6% and 26.2% students on the above items. 4. To determine the characteristics of teacher educators a questionnaire based on Flanagen’s Critical Incident Technique (1954) was developed. 100, Students selected as a sample size in this, table of random numbers, 50 boys and 50 girls were chosen. 39.8% and 35.3% of the student generated all combinations correctly. The focus of this paper is on the assessment and understanding of the gender The quality of students being admitted to teachers training institutions was one of the reasons for such criticism. Describe that effective thing that he/she did which made him/her stand out in your mind as being particularly effective in the job. • The identification of personal characteristics in a set of qualities of successful teacher educators, which are likely to be very objective because they have been abstracted from actual classroom situations. • The present study reveals that the majority of teacher educators are not fully formal operational and further more incorrect reasoning patterns used by them are not random as most of the wrong responses form a set pattern. Characteristics of High Achiev. Sympathetic 7. About eleven categories of successful and unsuccessful student teachers were finally developed. Higher Edu.,20(1), 25 – 35. 39.8% and 35.3% of the student generated all combinations correctly. <> Ss were also administered a career preference scale, and then rated their preferences on a 7-point scale as traditional or nontraditional careers for women. The assumption is that critical reflection is a skill that is acquired automatically during the degree. Proportional reasoning 2. IV. Hence a need was felt to investigate, whether reasoning pattern used was random. teachers provide the support system needed to guide, individual to develop a balanced personality. Flanagan,J. These findings, that incorrect respondents used additive rather than proportional reasoning are inconsonance with the findings of Inhelder and Piaget [ ]; Karplus et al [ ]. The result show the importance of reasoning ability club with qualities such as – personal qualities, professional qualities and class-room performance for promoting abstract learning with cognitively immature student and preparing them for teaching abstractions and reasoning skills. VII. Sci. The items III and IV of the TCP-test concerned with the assessment of controlling reasoning and are answered by 64.2% and 58.0 % students respectively. The last two items of the test concern with the assessment of combinational reasoning. OBJECTIVES Blackboard work Paper presented at the annual meeting of National Association for Research in Science Teaching, Grossinger, New York, US. Analysis of responses reveals that common wrong responses were either based on consideration of one variable only (33.2 % and 30.7%) or justified in terms of an imperfect relationship that is 18.3% and 20.5%. Correct Response (%) Wrong Tobin [ ] reported that most common wrong response pattern on items of probabilistic reasoning was that which focussed on the total number of objects in the set. Keywords: Reasoning pattern, teacher education, occupation, profession, characteristics, homogenous. The Harvard Group Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility, Form A was administered to 168 upper level college students. • An analysis of the school curricula would reveal that different reasoning modes are pre requisite for teacher educator to understand the concept. Hence, it is imperative and desirable that a probe into the pattern of study habits and attitudes of students be made. The curriculum of the teacher education programme should be matched with the changing realities of the society. All rights reserved. 51, 327 - 581. Class-room performance 4, 5, 9, 11 About eleven categories of successful and unsuccessful student teachers were finally developed. (1958): The Growth of Logical Thinking from Childhood to Adolescence. Concept, models, theories and other abstractions were expected to pose learning difficulties for less cognitively matured students and consequently on their capabilities as a class room teacher. Co- relational reasoning 5. IX. Professional competence 3, 8 Paper presented at the annual meeting of National Association for Research in Science Teaching, Grossinger, New York, US. national level. 5. stract: The quality of teacher depend not only on their training but also on their natural inclinations, devotions and such other personal qualities as intelligence, attitude towards teaching etc. Flechers and Sons Ltd, Norwich, Great Britain. The result of the study revealed that the incorrect reasoning mode used by teacher educators were not random and incorrect respondent used additive rather than proportional reasoning. 39.8% and 35.3% of the student generated all combinations correctly. Tobin, K. G. and Capie, W. (1981): Development and Validation of a Group Test of Logical Thinking. susceptibility was indicated by a significant relationship between the group scale and the individually-administered Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scale, Form C. correlated both with their career preferences and with their perceptions of these preferences as traditional or nontraditional. Bhattacharya, S. B. and Pandey, N. N. (1985): Tarkik Chintan Parikshan (TOLT: Form A): A Research Edition, Varanasi, Faculty of Education (K), Banaras Hindu University. The responses were elicited from the student because student’s evaluation of their teachers is considered trustworthy, Prosser and Trigwell [ ]. • Identify the personal characteristics of teacher educator on a fairly objective basis. Result of each reasoning mode has been presented in the following table: e�n,E+��r|��>t��z�xx�-e���Z}m�]��L�����#-�!2Z6��ӈ;��7S��?�~ޅ-�?�j�كʱ�Je Energetic 8.Origional (1958): The Growth of Logical Thinking from Childhood to Adolescence. University News, 38(52), 5 – 7. Hence, a need was felt to investigate reasoning pattern and personal characteristics as determinant of success of teacher educator. <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> The teachers, that the training institutions will ultimately produced, would depend largely upon the quality of persons who were accepted for admission. The result revealed that sex has no significant impact on the academic achievement of, their own ideas and philosophies. (1958): The Growth of Logical Thinking from Childhood to Adolescence. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE A. The result of the study revealed that the incorrect reasoning mode used by teacher educators were not random and incorrect respondent used additive rather than proportional reasoning. (1977): Controlling Variables: Assessing Level of Understanding. Study Habits and Academic Achievement in Core Subjects among Junior Secondary School Students in Ondo State, Oluwatimilehin, J. T. B., & Owoyele, J. W. (2012). 4. The above findings through light on the importance of identifying various reasoning abilities and personal characteristics of teacher educator as determinants of success in teaching. Result of each reasoning mode has been presented in the following table: INTRODUCTION The findings related to incorrect reasoning patterns of the present investigation also finds support by the studies of Wollman [ ] and Capie et al [ ]. zebunnisakhan@yahoo.com There is an X. Combinational The above findings through light on the importance of identifying various reasoning abilities and personal characteristics of teacher educator as determinants of success in teaching. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Introduction Presented in chapter 2 is a synthesis of research that supports the evaluation of the attendance policy and attendance program of Newport News Public Schools. In India teaching is considered as the profession, but there are many teachers (Kindergarten, nursery, primary and middle teaching) who do not accept it as a profession or we may say that they are not doing it as a profession because they do not fulfil few qualities which are the mark of any occupation, called as profession. Teachers are supposed not to teach the subject matter only but also help students to facilitate acquisition of various reasoning pattern. Psy. Khan, Z. N. (2001): A Factorial Study among Certain Basic Skills in Arithmetic and Pupils Achievement. 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