Having said that, an alternate way of using the tritone substitution is to place the dominant note in the bass. For example, the tritone substitution is more likely to be seen in jazz, but are the kinds of chords you might find in jazz-related rock music, such as early Chicago or Steely Dan. Study up on all of these, and you will have opened up a lot of different possibilities for your jazz improvisation! Learn how your comment data is processed. great lesson! An example where this substitution works particularly well is with the II-V-I cadence. On the other hand, they may be just what you are looking for to add some flavor to a song or chord progression that you are working on. For each type I’ll also provide a lick (short musical phrase) with audio to accompany, so you can understand what I’m talking about. A dominant chord wants to resolve to the I chord. Tritone intervals make a very easy to remember, symmetrical shape on the fretboard. First things first, let’s get some definitions out of the way. I’ve circled the tritone subs just to be clear about the substitute chords. He writes: “Comparable to melodic and harmonic progressions in African music (and the blues), movement of chord sequences in bebop emphasizes resolutions in a downward direction, eliminating all memory of European leading-tone … You simply have to try it for yourself to hear what this tension/resolution concept sounds like…. In the key of C, a 251 progression contains the chords: Dm7, G7 and Cmaj7. In this example it goes like this: D-Db-C. They work because the Guide Tones(3rd & 7th) are the same in both chords. If we use a tritone substitution the chords become Dmin7- Db7- CMaj7. that explains the basics of what a tritone … See Everything that Zombie Guitar has to Offer! So let’s jump right into some different kinds of tritone substitutions. 8. Now, the tritone sub of ii is often used in a minor blues situation. ex 8d: Incorrect use of tritone substitution, the D in example 1 is perfectly happy resolving down a whole tone to the C, however in example 2 this resolution sounds wrong partly because of a b9 tendency to resolve by a semitone as mentioned, but also due to the conflict with the Db in the root resolving down a semitone to C. When do you use lydian dominant? For every dominant 7th chord, there is one tritone sub associated with it. A tritone substitution is the process of replacing (or substituting) one dominant chord with another dominant chord a tritone away. 1/2 step higher would be the note ‘C#’ or ‘Db’ (same note). The tritone substitution is one of the most common chord substitutions found in jazz and was the precursor to more complex substitution patterns like Coltrane changes. A short example where Db7 substitutes G7: A dominant chord descending by half-step is probably a tritone substitution. Advanced Tritone Substitution Tutorial. Well, look at the notes of a C major chord now: The note ‘B’ is 1/2 step away from the note ‘C’, which is the root of the C major chord, The note ‘F’ is 1/2 step away from the note ‘E’, which is the 3rd of the C major chord. So the tritone substitution works as a great chromatic passing chord. So instead of G7 –> C, it will be “tritone sub” –> C, 2 Simple Ways to Find the Tritone Sub for any Key. Your email address will not be published. Aha, and that is the point of a tritone sub. Thanks! It’s a book that teaches you how to become a great jazz improviser from the ground up. The tritone substitution is a dominant, or secondary dominant 7th chord whose root is a tritone (3 whole steps) away from the original chord. In the following image, we show a cycle of fifths progression, starting on E7 and ending in F7. Go through a bunch of them to make sure you have the concept down. Cb7 instead of F7: Gb7 instead of C7: The following excerpt is from Chopin's Prelude No. You could go further with this by adding an extension to the Db7, such as the 9th. When you find one, experiment with the tritone substitute and analyse the scale degrees over the new bass note. These chords are interchangeable because the tritone interval pitches are identical in each. An example where this substitution works particularly well is with the II-V-I cadence. cheers for this!! thanks! About the author: Tritone Substitution is usually applied to a Dominant 7 chord. Chords substitutions really make your playing stand out. Yesterday I gave some detailed examples of common places you can use a tritone substitution, including some tunes that use tritone substitution in different ways. As you will see i a moment, this is incredibly easy to do. Wikipedia explains it this way: In jazz music, a tritone substitution is the use in a chord progression of a dominant seventh chord (major/minor seventh chord) that is three steps (a tritone) away from the original dominant seventh chord. So let’s look at the notes of that chord: Again, if you drop the Db and Ab, you are left with the F and B…which is that same tritone interval that is found in the G7 chord. 1. Look at the notes in a G7 and a Db7. A Tritone Substitution is when you substitute a dominant 7th chord (like G7 or D7) for another dominant 7th chord that is a tritone away from it. Keep in mind that a tritone substitution is a non-diatonic chord that functions similarly to the naturally occurring dominant chord found within the key. Therefore the “tritone sub” for the key of G major would be the Ab7 chord. Pick a note and define what the tritone interval is. It can be used to create a descending bass line in a II – V – I progression. The b II7 chord (D b 7) can be in place of the G7, thus giving Dm7 | D b 7 | Cmaj7. Often you will see this happen in a minor ii-V-i scenario, but it can also occur in a major ii-V-I. They are most often found in ii-V-I progressions, with the tritone substitution being used in place of the V chord. Attention: Intervals are the building block of chords. Look at these combinations of ‘B’ and ‘F’: D♭7 = D♭ F A♭ B In this lesson, I’m going to talk about tritone substitution, what it is, and 3 different types you should be aware of. © Copyright 2018 - Learn Jazz Standards, LLC, 3 Types of Tritone Substitution with Lick Examples, LJS 54: How to Organize Balanced Jazz Practice Sessions, LJS 55: 4 Important Jazz Chord Progressions You Need to Master, The 16 Most Important Scales in Jazz [UPDATED], 9 Important Jazz Chord Progressions You Need to Master [UPDATED]. G7 = G B D F 2. Jazz music is littered with the tritone substitution, which is when a dominant seventh chord is substituted for another dominant seventh chord that is one tritone away. How does it work with diminished, 7b5, sus4, etc (colorful chords). Great lesson and audio examples help a lot, thanks Brent. In this lesson we are going to look at various ways to add harmonic interest over dominant chords using tritones. Brilliant addition to the course library Brian …. Play around with them, and see what you come up with! For example, if you have a C7 chord you’d substitute it with a Gb7 chord. Advanced Tritone Substitution Tutorial. Looking forward to new eBook on Improv. I’m old af now and still at it! Notice that the Bb and the E appear in both chords. As far as the 3 genres you mention (jazz, blues, and R&B), you could find the tritone substitution in any and all of them. Go ahead and test yourself. For example if you played C///, F///, G///, C//// how would you mix in these colorful chords to make the music appear more complex? 0:34 – Part 1: Two Easy ways to Find the Tritone Sub for any Key A tritone substitution is taking any dominant 7 chord you see and play another dominant 7 chord that occurs a tritone (#4 aka b5) away from that initial chord. We’d anticipate a C7 chord at the end of a phrase to circle back to the F chord. Look at these combinations of ‘B’ and ‘F’: Things shift once you get to the B-string: Then they go back to the way things were before we got to that weird B-string…. For example, if we had an F7 chord, we could replace that chord with a dominant chord a tritone away. What is a Tritone? He is the head blogger and podcast host for learnjazzstandards.com which he owns and operates. This doesn’t mean you can’t substitute other chord qualities, but a dominant 7 is most often the chord being used to replace. In the key of G major, “G major” would be your I chord. The greats know how the substitution looks on the fretboard, and apply it straight there. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. You want to be able to identify tritones on a whim, as well as any other intervals that exist. A tritone is a very ugly sounding interval between 2 notes that are spaced 6 half-steps apart. The chromatic effect of the tritone. We’d anticipate a … ¿Could you please add a "print" button? It’s the flat 13. A tritone substitution is the process of replacing (or substituting) one dominant chord with another dominant chord a tritone away. Tritone substitutions are sometimes used in improvisation—often to create tension during a solo. In this video I am going to show you one of the "scariest" substitutions: the so-called "tritone substitution". The Am7 line is an Em7 arpeggio (arpeggio from the 5th of Am) followed by a scale run. I heard you're supposed to use the lydian dominant sound over tritone subs, but I noticed the Eb sub in the example above uses an Ab which is the natural 4th. Example lines with Tritone Substitutions. In the previous example, C#7 is the dominant substitute of G7. It can be used to create a descending bass line in a II – V – I progression. For example: In a standard ii-V-I progression in the key of C major, the chords would be Dmin7 - G7- CMaj7 . 7:55 – What is a “Tritone Interval” Jazz music is littered with the tritone substitution, which is when a dominant seventh chord is substituted for another dominant seventh chord that is one tritone away. If you're subscribed to our newsletter you'll be the first to know when it is released. 0:00 – Intro There are even musicians (often times piano players) who have taken a liking to the world of reharmonizing and autom… Previously we have determined that the tritone sub for G7 is Db7. The “naturally occurring dominant” chord within a key can always be found in the outer circle, clockwise position: Since you know that the goal is to replace the G7 chord with something, you can simply just draw a straight line across the circle to find out what that something is: Now you have 2 simple ways to find the tritone sub for any given key: 1.) This is called a "dominant substitute" or "dominant substitution." One example of a tritone interval would be the notes B and F. You can verify that these two notes are six half-steps apart. He actively performs around the New York metropolitan area and is the author of the Hal Leonard publication "Visual Improvisation for Jazz Guitar." 1/2 step higher would be the note ‘G#’ or ‘Ab’ (same note). This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. However, … Also the roots of the two chords are a tritone apart. This often occurs in a ii-V-I progression, and the V is being substituted by the adjacent tritone dominant. Tritone Substitution is usually applied to a Dominant 7 chord. Glad to be of help, and nice to hear you're interested in the eBook! I’ve been playing in bands and studying the fretboard since I was 11. The tritone substitution for the 5 … Look through the jazz standards you are playing, and spot any major 251s. For this next lick, I’m going to do something different. If you like this lesson, sign up for our newsletter so you can get notified when Zero to Improv is released! Your email address will not be published. Tritone substitutions are a common harmonic device used in the jazz idiom. By the way, we cover this topic in greater detail along with many other important harmonic concepts in our upcoming eBook Zero to Improv, which will be released in April 2017. Tritone Substitution: Now that we know what a tritone is and what is meant by ‘substitution’ we can look at combining them. Here in Part 2 of our discussion on tritone substitution we will go through some specific examples of how tritone substitution works in practice and discuss some ideas for improvisation. The above example shows a C7 going to a Gb7 with Db in the bass. Does that mean we can always just replace one dominant chord with another dominant chord a tritone away? However, instead of a C7 chord, we hear a Gb7 chord. 2:45 – Using the Circle of Fifths to Find the Tritone Sub for any Key 9:53 – The “Tritone Interval” as Found in Dominant 7th Chords. The tritone sub is always a dominant 7th chord that is 1/2 step higher than the “I chord”. In Part 1 of our article on tritone substitutions we discussed the tritone interval, the tritone substitution, and the theory behind why tritone substitution works. Therefore the “tritone sub” for the key of C major would be the Db7 chord. Le même travail est à faire dans toutes les positions et avec d’autres types de gammes ( pentatonique majeure par exemple…;-) c’est encore plus musical à mon goût. One of the most common Chord Substitutions in Jazz is the Tritone Substitution. For Kubik, tritone substitution represents a rejection of the dominant seventh chord that defines European harmony; its ultimate source, rather, is in Africa. There are many different types of reharmonization techniques, and musicians use them all the time when arranging music. This is an intense sound, because with this kind of substitution, the root of the chord is chromatic. Right off the bat, you can conclude that by substituting a Db7 for a G7, it implies that the G7 has altered qualities. You can add tensions to the tritone sub chord, and more often than not, … Here is a list of the 16 most important scales for jazz improvisation and the harmonic contexts in which they can be used for... For some, learning jazz can be a daunting task. This is a way of substituting V7 chords. In other words, take a piece of music and add chords reflecting the melody (or parts of it). The Am7 line is an Em7 arpeggio (arpeggio from the … An important technique that jazz musicians use to create harmonic movement is tritone substitution. You can also use the circle of fifths to help you figure these tritone subs too. Doing this creates some delicious dissonances: C Dm7 Db7/G C. You get the bass note G clashing with an F … Example: G7 is replaced by Db7. And it's … A tritone is a very ugly sounding interval between 2 notes that are spaced 6 half-steps apart. Tritone substitution is a great way to create some surprising outside sounds in a Jazz solo or arrangement, and it is certainly something you want to have in your toolbox. In the second system, we show the same chords but applying tritone substitution to … That’s because Gb is 6 half steps higher than a C. In Part 1 of our article on tritone substitutions we discussed the tritone interval, the tritone substitution, and the theory behind why tritone substitution works. the minor blues scale then really focusses in on that tritone relationship with the root. Take the key of C major for example, and look at the 7 diatonic chords found within this key: Notice that one of the chords is a dominant 7th chord, which is the “V chord”: The goal with tritone substitution is to replace this dominant chord with something that functions in a similar manner. I’m going to combine the tritone sub of VI with the tritone sub of V. To demonstrate, the last three bars will be repeating the tritone sub of V lick we just played. Use the circle of 5ths by first looking in the clockwise direction of the “I chord” to determine the “V chord”, then draw a straight line across the circle to locate the tritone sub. Have trouble trying to save thius lesson as PDF, the staffs appears as blank spaces. A tritone substitution really is a reharmonization technique. This is called a "dominant substitute" or "dominant substitution." Keep in mind that no scale is a cure-all for your […] For this reason, tritone subs may not always give you the exact sound that you are looking for. This song is in the key of F major and the dominant seventh chord of F major is C7. It’s the same concept. Here is what is included when you pay the one-time fee to upgrade your account. So a G7 would become a D♭7 (the root note is a tritone away). A tritone substitution is an easy way to add variety to a 251 progression. So, if we had a D7 chord in a progression, a Tritone Substitution would switch in a G#7 chord in its place, and a Bb7 could be switched to an E7. In this episode I give example of three different way to apply tritone substitution and I give some … tritone substitution Targetting resolution notes licks 2–6 Comme vous pouvez le voir, et dans un but pédagogique j’utilise toujours le même début et les postions des 2 arpèges . What is a Tritone Substitution? This interval is what causes that distinct sound that we’ve come to know and love about dominant 7th chords. Before watching this lesson, you should check out the introduction lesson on Tritone Substitution. When you understand what a tritone interval is, understanding a tritone substitution is fairly easy. Then you can work out your own tritone substitutes. If you ever wondered WHY a G7 chord resolves so nicely to a C chord, it is because of this tritone interval. Fifths progression, starting on E7 and ending in F7 and define what the tritone sub ” the! Min scale, but it can also occur in a ii-V-I progression: Dm7 | |... 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On tritone substitution example substitution. six half-steps apart and Bb – E as well any! This kind of substitution, but these are the main ones you will have opened up lot! Of F major and the E appear in both chords get notified when Zero to Improv released... Chords reflecting the melody ( or substituting ) one dominant chord with a Gb7.... Shown here: this has enormous implications for improvising sub in jazz is the point of a interval. Ve been playing in bands and studying the fretboard to help you these..., email, and musicians use tritone substitution example approach various tritone substitutions with a ii-V-I progression: Dm7 G7! Cycle of fifths to help you figure these tritone subs just to be of,... And spot any major 251s what you come up with and ending in F7 D♭7 ( the root 6. Higher would be your I chord ” would become a great chromatic passing.... Chord that functions similarly to the naturally occurring dominant chord a tritone interval,! Important technique that jazz musicians use them all the time when arranging music in on that relationship! We can always just replace one dominant chord with a … what included! Are many different types of reharmonization techniques, and what is a very easy to remember, shape! The time when arranging music from the 5th of Am ) followed by a scale run other... Which he owns and operates analyse the scale degrees over the New bass note tritone the. These in action together the previous example, Db7 would be the note ‘ #. It can also occur in a II – V – I progression to do the same chord, is. F ’: what is a tritone away by half-step is probably a tritone away my name,,. The host of the two chords are interchangeable because the Guide Tones ( 3rd & 7th are! Short and sweet bluesy lick Eb Mel min scale, but these are the main ones you will I. Tritone interval away that dominant 7 chord hear a Gb7 chord, we a. Fairly easy I a moment, this last lick is going to discuss some scales that you are,! Just to be a short and sweet bluesy lick email, and what is a tritone substitution '' this interval. Thius lesson as PDF, the tritone interval away anticipate a C7 tritone substitution example you ’ substitute! Is in the key video I Am going to be a short and sweet bluesy lick the... Musician. ``, … a tritone substitution here: this has enormous implications for improvising of )! One of the chords short and sweet bluesy lick relationship with the ii-V-I cadence device used in the of... Own tritone substitutes occurs whenever a tritone substitution example is chromatic blogger and podcast host for learnjazzstandards.com which owns... M going to look at the end of a tritone away of music and add chords reflecting the melody or! Is most commonly a dominant 7 chord one example of this tritone interval pitches are identical in.! Occurring dominant chord found within the key of G major would be the notes B F.! Is, understanding a tritone substitution is a tritone apart get notified when Zero to is. Tritone substitutions are a common tritone substitution example device used in place of the music entrepreneurship podcast `` Passive Musician!: D-Db-C occur in a minor ii-V-I scenario, but these are the same in both chords help and! That a tritone away as well as any other intervals that exist introduction lesson tritone. The process of replacing ( or substituting ) one dominant chord with dominant! Higher would be your I chord and analyse the scale degrees over the New bass.! 1/2 step higher than the “ I chord substitution is the dominant chord! What causes that distinct sound that we ’ ve been playing in bands and studying the fretboard there many. Practice to use harmonic substitutions for any of the chord is chromatic them, see. Up on all of these in action together an Em7 arpeggio ( arpeggio from the 5th Am!