[8] The Iban were, in the past, a society that paid particular attention to social status, especially to those who displayed martial prowess as well as to those who demonstrated expertise in various fields such as farming and oratory. [58] In 1950 all anti-cession movements in Sarawak ceased after a clamp-down by the colonial government. [30], The discovery of antimony ore in the Kuching region led Pangeran Indera Mahkota, a representative of the Sultan of Brunei, to increase development in the territory between 1824 and 1830. Hospitals in Sarawak typically provide the full gamut of health care options, from triage to palliative care for the terminally ill. [45][38][note 1] That same year saw the British withdrawing its air and marine forces defending Sarawak to Singapore. However, the then chief minister Abdul Rahman Ya'kub delayed the dissolution of the state assembly by a year to prepare for the challenges posed by opposition parties. The state assembly passes laws on subjects that are not under the jurisdiction of the Parliament of Malaysia such as land administration, employment, forests, immigration, merchant shipping and fisheries. My Open Research. It has a population of 20.1 million people. In 1939 it stood at just below 500,000 and by 1947 it was only 546,385. In comparison, mobile telecommunication uptake in Sarawak was comparable to the national average, 93.3% against a national average of 94.2%, and on par with neighbouring Sabah. (page 64), Faisal, 2012. Like many other indigenous peoples, the majority of the Bidayuh have been converted to Christianity,[112] Kuching is located on the banks of the Sarawak River where it occupies an area of 431 square km. Comparing the population growth of Sarawak with the national total, it is not difficult to note the steady decline, from 9.35% of the nation’s population in 1970 to 8.78% 40 years later. [256] In recent years, this issue has seen progressive improvement with the implementation of systems such as mobile registration units. The earliest known human settlement in Sarawak at the Niah Caves dates back 40,000 years. [241] There are also 14 Chinese independent secondary schools in Sarawak that teach in Chinese rather than English or Malay. Activate Professional to get unlimited access to more than 3.7b time series and visualizations. A New Analysis of Population History in Sabah and Sarawak Hashom Mohd Hakim, 1 2 *Japareng Lalung, 2 Suresh Narayanen, 3 Nasha Rodziadi Khaw, 3 Geoffrey Keith Chambers, 4 and Hisham Atan Edinur 5 ... the government controls virtually all newspapers in Sarawak (page 76), CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, amendment to the Constitution of Malaysia, Territorial disputes in the South China Sea, Swinburne University of Technology Sarawak Campus, Demographics of Sarawak § Religions of Sarawak, 1962 British Empire and Commonwealth Games, "Profil Negeri Sarawak (Sarawak state profile)", "State statistics: Malays edge past Chinese in Sarawak", "Subnational Human Development Index (2.1) [Sarawak – Malaysia]", "Some Little Known Facts On Malaysian Vehicle Registration Plates", "Niah National Park – Early Human settlements", "Book review of "The Name of Brooke – The End of White Rajah Rule in Sarawak" by R.H.W. CONTENTS Page A. In 1960, the overall literacy rate was 25%, with a heavy slant in the literacy rate towards the Chinese population, 53%, compared with that of indigenous peoples which was substantially lower, only 17%. It lies in East Malaysia and shares the island of Borneo with the eastern state of Sabah, the separate country of Brunei and the Indonesian provinces of Kalimantan. [111] At highland areas, the temperature can vary from 16 °C (61 °F) to 25 °C (77 °F) during the day and as low as 11 °C (52 °F) during the night. The primary route in Sarawak is the Pan Borneo Highway, which runs from Sematan, Sarawak, through Brunei to Tawau, Sabah. [130][131], The vegetations at the summit of Mount Murud, Sarawak contains large tracts of tropical rainforest with diverse plant species,[132] which has led to a number of them being studied for medicinal properties. [112], Sarawak has a tropical geography with an equatorial climate and experiences two monsoon seasons: a northeast monsoon and a southwest monsoon. Sarawak: Population by Ethnic Group (2) XLS. Male population of Sarawak increased from 1,353.1 thousands in 2013 to 1,443.3 thousands in … [175], In 1955, OCBC became the first foreign bank to operate in Sarawak, with other overseas banks following suit. Knoema is the most comprehensive source of global decision-making data in the world. In 2018, Department of Statistics, Malaysia (DOSM) estimated there is 347600 residents in the District of Miri (inclusive of Subis) and this accounts 12% of the population of Sarawak. This caused hundreds of Malay civil servants to resign in protest, sparking an anti-cession movement and the assassination of the second colonial governor of Sarawak Sir Duncan Stewart. Population increase and ethnic composition. 6 KUCHING, Nov 5: State Reform Party (Star) president Lina Soo has labelled the Sarawak Budget 2020 as “a vote buying” budget to woo the rural population. Integrate your data with the world’s data in a personalized and collaborative environment, purpose-built to support your organizational objectives. Quick data summaries and visualizations on trending industry, political, and socioeconomic topics from Knoema’s database. This led to several blockades by indigenous tribes during the 1980s and 1990s against logging companies encroaching on their lands. [92][93], Unlike states in Peninsular Malaysia, Sarawak is divided into divisions, 12 in all, each headed by an appointed resident. [243] This has led to an increasing number of bumiputera students being enrolled in Chinese schools. [264], Although the presence of Chinese in Sarawak dates back to the 6th century AD when traders first came to the state, the Chinese population today largely consists of communities originating from immigrants during the Brooke era. Keywords: Population, Sarawak Population, Demography, Bidayuh, Sustainability Population Growth INTRODUCTION Bidayuh is one of the seven major ethnic groups1 among the twenty-five specific ethnic groups inSarawak (1970 Census: 2-3). Thus, on 15 September 1958, the Borneo Literature Bureau was inaugurated with a charter to nurture and encourage local literature while also supporting the government in its release of documentation, particularly in technical and instructional manuscripts that were to be distributed to the indigenous peoples of Sarawak and Sabah. [112] A number of rivers flow through Sarawak, with the Sarawak River being the main river flowing through Kuching. [54][55], Lacking the resources to rebuild Sarawak after the war, Charles Vyner Brooke decided to cede Sarawak as British Crown Colony and a Cession Bill was put forth in the Council Negri (now Sarawak State Legislative Assembly), which was debated for three days. A series of Chinese ceramics dated from the 8th to 13th century AD was uncovered at the archaeological site of Santubong. BACKGROUND INFORMATION State of Sarawak 1 Facts on Sarawak 2 Basic Statistics 3 Exchange Rates 3 State Government 4 Sarawak : Administrative Divisions and Districts 5 - 6 Sarawak : Land Use Classification, 2011 7 Sarawak : Natural Resources 8 Key Summary Statistics of Malaysia Population 2010 9 Sarawak : Population, Average Growth Rate, Area, Living Quarters & [274][273] As with the many other indigenous peoples of Sarawak, the majority of Orang Ulu are Christians. A year later, he formulated the "Sarawak Law" which foreshadowed the formulation of his (and Darwin's) theory of evolution by natural selection three years later. On the other hand, Sabah’s population growth registered an upward surge. [191], Tourism plays a major role in the economy of the state, contributing 7.89% of the state's GDP in 2016. Sarawak and the Colors of Culture. [180] In early 2016, SEB signed Malaysia's first energy export deal to supply electricity to neighbouring West Kalimantan in Indonesia. They make up the 5th largest ethnic group in Sarawak, after the Ibans, Chinese, Malays and Bidayuh. Jackson (1968:41) remarked that, Sarawak is … [328], Sarawak has a history of TV broadcasting, which began in April 1998, when NTV7 was launched by Sarawakian businessman Mohd Effendi Norwawi under the ownership of Natseven TV Sdn Bhd, before being acquired by Media Prima Berhad in 2005. It is ethnically, culturally, and linguistically diverse; major ethnic groups including Iban, Malay, Chinese, Melanau, Bidayuh and Orang Ulu. [170] The state receives a 5% royalty from Petronas over oil explorations in its territorial waters. [315], Sarawak being home to diverse communities, Sarawakian cuisine has a variety of ethnically influenced cuisines and cooking styles rarely found elsewhere in Malaysia. [81] Sarawak originally held state elections together with national parliamentary elections. [146], The Sarawak state government has enacted several laws to protect its forests and endangered wildlife species. As well as indigenous languages, documents would also be published in English, Chinese and Malay. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Contacts Search for a Library. Sarawak is one of the states in the Federation of Malaysia. [49] During the battle of North Borneo, the Australian forces landed at Lutong-Miri area on 20 June 1945 and had penetrated as far as Marudi and Limbang before halting their operations in Sarawak. Sarawak People Multi racial population can be clearly seen through the various dialects spoken and the various festival celebration through the year. [206] According to a 2015 article, household internet penetration in Sarawak was lower than Malaysian national average, 41.2% versus 58.6%, with 58.5% of internet use being in urban areas and 29.9% in rural areas. Judging from the demographic behaviour of the communities, growth of Sarawak's population during the next two decades will remain substantial because the numerically large cohort of women born in the 1960s will be reaching their prime reproductive age and most of them will marry and bear children. As the political scene changed, it grew progressively more difficult for the communists to operate. [259], Sarawak has six major ethnic groups, Iban, Chinese, Malay, Bidayuh, Melanau, and Orang Ulu,[252] as well as a number of ethnic groups with smaller but still substantial populations, such as the Kedayan, Javanese, Bugis, Murut, and Indian. [227], In comparison to the prevalence of health services in urban regions, much of rural Sarawak is only accessible by river transport, which limits access. [24], The Bruneian Empire was established in the coastal regions of Sarawak by the mid-15th century,[25] and the Kuching area was known to Portuguese cartographers during the 16th century as Cerava, one of the five great seaports of Borneo. The Iban tribal culture in Sarawak centred on the concept of the warrior and the ability to take heads from other tribes in battle. British Sarawak Crown 1946–1963, Foragers are known to have lived around the west mouth of the Niah Caves (located 110 kilometres (68 mi) southwest of Miri) 40,000 years ago. The oldest rock type in southern Sarawak is schist formed during the Carboniferous and Lower Permian times, while the youngest igneous rock in this region, andesite, can be found at Sematan. [261] There are more than 50 tribes still existing or extinct in Sarawak but only the major tribes are listed in the Malaysian Federal Constitution. [293] However, during the chieftainship of Abdul Rahman Ya'kub, the Constitution of Sarawak was amended to make the Yang di-Pertuan Agong as the head of Islam in Sarawak and empower the state assembly to pass laws regarding Islamic affairs. [31] In 1839, Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin II (1827–1852) assigned his uncle Pangeran Muda Hashim the task of restoring order but his inability to do so caused him to request the aid of British sailor James Brooke. Er ist die Heimat zahlreicher unterschiedlicher Volksgruppen, die anders als die Malaien, die im Rest des Landes politisch und kulturell dominieren, we… [174], Sarawak is one of the world's largest exporters of tropical hardwood timber, constituting 65% of the total Malaysian log exports in 2000. [154] Indeed, illegal logging in particular has decimated the forest regions indigenous populations depend on for their livelihoods, depleting fish, wildlife, but also traditional medicinal herbs and construction staples like Palm. Sarawak has a population of more than 2.6 million, made up of some 26 different ethnic groups. The last Census was conducted in 2010 and the next Census is expected to be carried out in 2020. During this time it was divided into three provinces – Kuching-shu, Sibu-shu, and Miri-shu – each under their respective Provincial Governor. In 1841, Sarawak had an indigenous population of about 8,000. The conflict continued mostly in the Rajang Delta region but eventually ended when, on 17 October 1990, the NKCP signed a peace agreement with the Sarawak government. The Japanese otherwise preserved the Brooke administrative structure and appointed the Japanese to important government positions. [212], Health care in Sarawak is provided by three major government hospitals, Sarawak General Hospital, Sibu Hospital, and Miri Hospital,[220] as well as numerous district hospitals,[221] public health clinics, 1Malaysia clinics, and rural clinics. The earliest Christian missionaries in Sarawak were Church of England (Anglicans) in 1848, followed by Roman Catholics a few years later, and Methodists in 1903. Keywords: Population, Sarawak Population, Demography, Bidayuh, Sustainability Population Growth INTRODUCTION Bidayuh is one of the seven major ethnic groups1 among the twenty-five specific ethnic groups inSarawak (1970 Census: 2-3). Popular attractions are the numerous national parks, the indigenous tribes, Kuching and Semenggoh. [162] Through the course of 2016 over 2 million acres of forest, much of it in orangutan habitats, were declared protected areas. [310] Apart from national Hari Merdeka and Malaysia Day celebrations, the state also celebrates Sarawak self-government Day on 22 July[311][312] and the State Governor's birthday. Search and explore the world’s largest statistical database to find data. ?Before the beginning of the twentieth century the population of Sarawak was scanty and vast tracts of the interior were simply uninhabited forest, much as it is today. The crude birth rate in 2004 was about 20,300, crude rate of natural increase is 16,200 and the crude death rate, 4,100. Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: or Search WorldCat. “The research will be a continuation of a prior one on the … The People of Borneo. [240] As well as government schools, there are four international schools: Tunku Putra School, a primary and secondary school offering national and Cambridge curricula, Lodge International School, which is also open to local students and uses both the British National and Cambridge systems, Kidurong International School, which is owned by Shell and offers primary education mainly to children of employees but local children may enter depending on space availability, and Tenby International School, which opened in 2014 and is open to both local and expatriate children. Your list of unfinished submissions or submissions in the workflow. [198], Infrastructure development in Sarawak is overseen by the Ministry of Infrastructure Development and Transportation, successor to the Ministry of Infrastructure Development and Communications (MIDCom) after it was renamed in 2016. The population of Sarawak.. [Chee Kheung Lam] Home. Sarawak is Malaysia's largest state. [262], The population of 745,400 of the Iban people in Sarawak, based on 2014 statistics, makes it the largest ethnic group in the state. In the Iban language this name means "Upriver People," reflecting the location these tribes settled in;[112] most of them reside near the drainage basin of the Baram River. World and regional statistics, national data, maps and rankings, Discover new signals and insights from leading alternative and fundamental data providers, Latest releases of new datasets and data updates from different sources around the world. [231] A variety of traditional medicine practices are still being used by the various communities in Sarawak to supplement modern medical practices but this practice is also declining. [30][note 4] Another group, the North Kalimantan Communist Party (NKCP) (also known as Clandestine Communist Organisation (CCO) by government sources) was formally set up in 1970. The population of Bintulu Division (year 2000 census) was 179,600. [296] Others settle down after intermixing with members of different tribes, such as the Orang Ulu. [212] Sarawak has 55 navigable river networks with a combined length of 3,300 kilometres (2,100 mi). [26][27] It was also during this time that witnessed the birth of the Sultanate of Sarawak, a local kingdom that lasted for almost half a century before being reunited with Brunei in 1641. [212] Three airlines serve flights in Sarawak, Malaysia Airlines, Air Asia, and MASwings all of which use Kuching Airport as their main hub. On 22 July 1963, Sarawak was granted self-government by the British and subsequently became one of the founding members of Malaysia, established on 16 September 1963. [222] Besides government-owned hospitals and clinics, there are several private hospitals in Sarawak[223] such as the Normah Medical Specialists Centre, Timberland Medical Specialists Centre,[224] and Sibu Specialist Medical Centre. Sarawak, historic region that is now a state of Malaysia. A second airport at Miri serves flights primarily to other Malaysian states as well as services to Singapore. Other cities and towns in Sarawak include Miri, Sibu, and Bintulu. The generally-accepted explanation of the state's name is that it is derived from the Sarawak Malay word serawak, which means antimony. [53] Sarawak was immediately placed under British Military Administration and managed by Australian Imperial Forces (AIF) until April 1946. English and Malay are the two official languages of the state; there is no official religion. [288] Other minor religions in Sarawak are the Baháʼí Faith,[289] Hinduism,[290] Sikhism,[291] and animism. [149][150] The Sarawak Biodiversity Centre was set up in 1997 for the conservation, protection, and sustainable development of biodiversity in the state. The state is divided into several administrative divisions including Sibu, Miri, Limbang, Kapit, Kuching, Sri Aman, Mukah, Betong, [citation needed], Sarawak is a sister state/province to Fujian Province in China. [110], The total land area of Sarawak is nearly 124,450 square kilometres (48,050 sq mi),[7] making up 37.5 per cent of the total area of Malaysia, and lies between the northern latitudes 0° 50′ and 5° and eastern longitudes 109° 36′ and 115° 40′ E.[111] Its 750 kilometres (470 mi) of coastline is interrupted in the north by about 150 kilometres (93 mi) of Bruneian coast. For centuries, the rivers of Sarawak have been a primary means of transport as well as a route for timber and other agricultural goods moving downriver for export at the country's major ports. [83][84] The political climate in the state was stable until the 1987 Ming Court Affair, a political coup initiated by Abdul Taib Mahmud's uncle to topple the Taib-led BN coalition. [273] Both woodworking and artistry are highly visible aspects of Orang Ulu culture exemplified by mural covered longhouses, carved wooden boats, and tattooing. In Malaysian Borneo (Sarawak and Sabah), it is used somewhat less extensively and is often understood locally to refer specifically to Iban (formerly called Sea Dayak) and Bidayuh (formerly called Land Dayak) peoples. Demographics of Sarawak Population As of the 2010 census, the population of Sarawak was 2,399,839, making it the 4th most populous state in Malaysia. Population of Sarawak, 1947-2010 Lam Chee Kheung ýý0 imik Ilb Arkib GN Arkib GN 635 B6 " 0 Aim-k A ýý 0 0 *1 L213 2013 . Sarawak is a Malaysian state. Mount Murud is the highest point in Sarawak. [226] This abundance of medical services has made Sarawak a medical tourism destination for visitors from neighbouring Brunei and Indonesia. [232] However, since 2004, there has been a resurgence in traditional medicine in Malaysia resulting in the establishment of a traditional medicine division within the Ministry of Health. [115], Sarawak is divided into three ecoregions. Despite being the most thinly populated, Bintulu Division has the fourth biggest town in Sarawak, which is Bintulu town. [212] Despite being a major highway, the condition of the road is poor leading to numerous accidents and fatalities. Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: or Search WorldCat. Search. Revelio Labs | Does a Military Background Boost Your Corporate Potential. Population increase and ethnic composition. 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